Both Security and Justice

for Palestinians as well as Israelis

Operation Cast Lead [Wikipedia URL]

Wikipedia may occasionally contain information that has not been validated.


The Gaza War, known as Operation Cast Lead (מבצע עופרת יצוקה‎) in Israel and as the Gaza Massacre (مجزرة غزة‎) in Gaza,[36][37][38] was a three-week bombing and invasion of the Gaza Strip by Israel, and hundreds of rocket attacks on south of Israel which started on December 27, 2008 with a surprise air strike from Israel.[39] Israel's stated aim was to stop rocket fire into Israel[40] and arms import into the Gaza strip.[41][42] Israeli forces attacked police stations and other Hamas government buildings in the opening assault, striking in the densely populated cities of Gaza, Khan Younis and Rafah.[43]


An Israeli ground invasion began on January 3. Infantry commanders were given an unprecedented level of access to coordinate with air, naval, artillery, intelligence, and combat engineering units during this second phase. Various new technologies and hardware were also introduced. On January 5, IDF forces began operating in the densely populated urban centers of Gaza. During the last week of the offensive (from 12 January), Israel mostly hit targets it had damaged previously and struck Palestinian rocket-launching units.[14] Hamas intensified its rocket and mortar attacks against Southern Israel, reaching the major cities of Beersheba and Ashdod for the first time during the conflict.[44][45][46] Israeli politicians ultimately decided against striking deeper within Gaza amidst concerns of higher casualties on both sides and increasing international criticism. The war ended on January 18, when Israel first declared a unilateral ceasefire, followed by Hamas' announcing a one-week ceasefire twelve hours later.[4][5] Israel completed its withdrawal on January 21.[47]


The conflict resulted in between 1,166 and 1,417 Palestinian and 13 Israeli deaths.[48] In September 2009, a UN special mission, headed by South African Jew Justice Richard Goldstone, produced a controversial report accusing both Palestinian militants and Israeli Defense Forces of war crimes and possible crimes against humanity, and recommended bringing those responsible to justice.[49] In January 2010, the Israeli government released a response criticizing the Goldstone Report and disputing its findings.[50] In 2011, Goldstone wrote that he no longer believed that Israel intentionally targeted civilians in Gaza.[51] The other authors of the report, Hina Jilani, Christine Chinkin and Desmond Travers, rejected Goldstone's reassessment.[52][53]


Wikipedia URL


See also Chicago Hearing Testimony Video #5 Two Brothers Killed in Gaza